L1 Visa Rules & Requirements
The L1 Visa, also known as the Intracompany Transfer Visa, gives employers the opportunity to temporarily transfer foreign nationals to the United States to work with either the parent company, branch, subsidiary, or affiliate of the employee’s employer abroad. In this article, we will take a look at the general outline and structuring of the L1 visa.
L1 Visa Employer Requirements
In order to transfer foreign employees to the U.S. on an L1 visa, the U.S. company must show that it has a qualifying relationship with the foreign company, either a parent company, branch, affiliate, or subsidiary. The company must also prove that it is doing business in the U.S. as well as in at least one country abroad.
If your country has one or more offices abroad, you might be able to utilize the L1 visa. As part of an L visa petition, the employer needs to show the legitimate relationship between the U.S. company and the company abroad, which usually requires a fairly extensive amount of documentation. However, for larger companies that fulfill a number of additional requirements, there is the option to apply for a “Blanket Petition,” which we will discuss below.
L1B Intracompany Transferee Specialized Knowledge
To be eligible for an L1B visa, an employee must have been employed with a qualifying organization abroad for at least one continuous year within the past three years. That being said, the longer an employee has been working with the qualifying organization abroad, the stronger the visa petition usually is. The petitioner has to show that the transferee’s knowledge and skills are special, and not readily available in the U.S.
Keep in mind that filing a petition for an employee who has been working with the company for exactly one year, and has gained little or no job experience before the said position, has lower chances of being approved. The decision ultimately lies with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or an officer at a U.S. Consulate.
L1A Intracompany Transferee Executive or Manager
In addition to the requirement of having been employed with the foreign company for at least one year within the past three years, the transferee must hold a managerial and/or executive role with the qualifying company abroad in order to qualify for an L1A visa. As part of the L1A petition, the employer needs to show that the employee directly supervises multiple employees, and/or that the employee has the ability to make decisions on a high level within the company without being under much supervision themselves. This is usually demonstrated by detailed organizational charts.
The L1A visa category can also be utilized if a company does not yet have an office in the U.S., but wishes to send an Executive or Manager to the U.S. in order to establish an office.
L1 Blanket Petition
The purpose of an L1 Blanket Petition is to prove the qualifying relationships between U.S. and foreign companies before filing petitions for transferees. When approved, a blanket petition lists all eligible companies, such as parent company, subsidiaries, and branches. The Blanket Petition is then included in any L1B or L1A petitions.
The most significant benefit of a Blanket Petition is the fact that petitions do not have to be filed with USCIS, but can be presented by the transferee at a U.S. Consulate or Embassy abroad. In short, the L1 visa process can be completed in a few weeks rather than in a few months.
Period of Stay
An initial L1B visa will be issued for three years. It can then be extended for another two years, which brings the maximum amount of time a transferee is permitted to work in the U.S. on an L1B visa to five years.
While initial L1A visas are also granted for three years, they can be extended in increments of two years for a total of seven years. L1A visa holders that enter the U.S. to establish a new office will be permitted to stay for a maximum of one year.